Role Of Counselling Psychologists In Health Psychology
Health Psychology strives to explain the behavioral, biological, and social factors impacting health and illness. The terms medical psychology or behavioral medicine are commonly used for health psychology.
The counselling psychology deals with health related problems both through research with rehabilitation, medical or related populations. They offer direct services to individuals throughout their lives. As well as they get connected through teachings and trainings of graduate students or educating other professionals connected with health care or involved with framing of health policies. The services rendered to individuals relate to prevention, recuperation from and adjustment to illness, lifestyle changes and psychological fall outs of medical illnesses. One can opt to offer various services in healthcare industry and can start by taking various courses like first aid refresher course, paramedic courses and so on.
The counseling psychologists are supposed to actively participate in the matters of health psychology comprising health education, disease prevention, rehabilitation, behavioral medicines and related fields. Most of them have various certifications; they start with a first aid refresher course and then move on to others based on their area of expertise.
Their contributions to the field of health psychology and other health education related areas are very significant. Nowadays, people live longer as well as healthier lives. However, negative habits like smoking, alcoholism, poor diet, lack of exercise etc., detrimental to healthy and long lives, are still prevalent. Hence, the counselling professionals have an important role to play in preventing those addicted to negative habits from continuing with those practices. They also help people to come out from mental stress and anxieties that are detrimental to longevity.
Psychological disorders are patterns of symptoms, behavioral or psychological, impacting various aspects of life. The disorders cause distress to one suffering from those symptoms. There are various kinds of psychological disorders, and the major categories are explained in the following paragraphs.
The adjustment disorder relates to a source of stress that is identifiable and leads to considerable amount of behavioral and emotional symptoms. The anxiety disorders relate to abnormal and excessive worry, fear and anxiety, and include agoraphobia, other phobias, panic reactions, social anxiety problems and separation anxiety. The third is dissociative disorders under which interruption or dissociation in consciousness aspect including memory as well as identity is found. The eating disorders include undue concern about weight and abnormal eating patterns leading to adverse impact on mental and physical health. Under the factitious disorders, a person pretends to be ill, and fakes as well as exaggerates the symptoms. He even self-inflicts damage to his own body. Under impulse control disorder, the person is unable to control his impulses, and that leads to harm to self or some others. Mental disorder includes psychotic disorder, depression, psychosis, and change in personality.